How to Report Rental Income as a Ltd Company

As a landlord, you may be considering the option of forming a limited company (Ltd) to manage your rental properties. This article will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to report your rental income and navigate tax obligations as a Ltd company.

Setting Up a Limited Company

Before discussing the reporting process, it’s important to understand the advantages and disadvantages of operating as a Ltd company.

Advantages of a Limited Company:

  1. Limited liability: Your personal assets remain protected in case of debts or legal claims against the company.
  2. Tax benefits: Corporation tax rates are generally lower than income tax rates, offering potential savings.
  3. Professional image: A Ltd company can project a more professional image to clients and suppliers.

Disadvantages of a Limited Company:

  1. Administrative burden: Increased paperwork, reporting requirements, and ongoing maintenance can be time-consuming.
  2. Less privacy: Company information, including director details, becomes publicly available.
  3. Costs: Initial set-up costs and ongoing expenses can be higher than operating as a sole trader or partnership.

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Registering Your Limited Company with HMRC

After setting up your Ltd company, you must register with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) for corporation tax within three months of starting to trade. Additionally, company directors need to register for self-assessment.

Corporation Tax:

Corporation tax is levied on your company’s profits. Registering for corporation tax involves providing information about your company, such as its registered office address, the date it started trading, and its accounting reference date.

Self-assessment for Directors:

As a company director, you’re required to register for self-assessment and file a personal tax return annually, declaring income received from the company, as well as any other income sources.

Income and Expenses

It’s essential to understand how to report your rental income and expenses as a Ltd company.

Rental Income:

All rental income received by the company must be reported, including:

  1. Rent from tenants.
  2. Service charges.
  3. Ground rent.

Allowable Expenses:

Expenses incurred while managing the properties can be deducted from your rental income, such as:

  1. Mortgage interest.
  2. Repairs and maintenance.
  3. Insurance premiums.
  4. Professional fees (e.g., accountants, solicitors).
  5. Property management fees.
  6. Advertising costs for finding tenants.
  7. Council Tax and utility bills when the property is vacant.

Completing Your Corporation Tax Return (CT600)

Your company must file a Corporation Tax Return (CT600) annually. This form includes details of your rental income, allowable expenses, and any corporation tax due. To support your figures, retain all relevant documentation.

Submitting Annual Accounts and Confirmation Statement

A Ltd company is also required to submit annual accounts and a confirmation statement to Companies House.

Annual Accounts:

The accounts provide a financial snapshot of the company’s activities during the accounting period, including:

  1. Profit and loss statement.
  2. Balance sheet.
  3. Notes to the accounts.

Confirmation Statement:

The confirmation statement verifies company information, such as registered office address, director details, and share capital. It must be submitted within 14 days of the anniversary of the company’s incorporation or the last statement date.

Paying Yourself and Others from the Ltd Company

When operating as a Ltd company, you can pay yourself and others through dividends and/or salary.


Dividends are paid from the company’s post-tax profits. They are taxed at a lower rate than salary and do not incur National Insurance Contributions (NICs). To pay dividends, you must:

  1. Hold a board meeting and record the decision in the minutes.
  2. Issue dividend vouchers to shareholders.


Paying a salary involves deducting income tax and National Insurance Contributions (NICs) through the PAYE (Pay As You Earn) system. A salary can also count towards your personal income tax allowance.

VAT Considerations

If your company’s taxable turnover exceeds the VAT threshold (£85,000 as of 2021), you must register for VAT. This involves:

  1. Charging VAT on applicable goods and services.
  2. Submitting quarterly VAT returns to HMRC.
  3. Claiming VAT on allowable purchases and expenses.

Capital Gains Tax

When selling a property owned by your Ltd company, you may be liable for corporation tax on any capital gains. However, certain reliefs and allowances can help reduce the tax bill.

Reliefs and Allowances:

  1. Indexation allowance: Adjusts the property’s acquisition cost for inflation, reducing the taxable gain.
  2. Rollover relief: Defers tax on gains if the proceeds are reinvested in qualifying assets.

Inheritance Tax Planning

Inheritance tax planning is vital for Ltd company landlords, as shares in the company may be subject to inheritance tax. Early planning can help minimise the tax burden on your beneficiaries.

Stamp Duty Land Tax

When purchasing or transferring properties to your Ltd company, you may be liable for Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT). Be aware of SDLT rates and potential reliefs, such as Multiple Dwellings Relief, when calculating your tax liability.

Maintaining Company Records

Keeping accurate records is crucial for a Ltd company. You must retain:

  1. Financial records: Invoices, receipts, bank statements, etc.
  2. Corporate records: Share certificates, meeting minutes, etc.
  3. Property records: Tenancy agreements, maintenance records, etc.

Working with Professionals

Navigating the complexities of operating a Ltd company can be challenging. It’s advisable to work with professionals, such as accountants and solicitors, who can help you stay compliant with regulations.

Filing Deadlines and Penalties

Be aware of filing deadlines for corporation tax returns, annual accounts, confirmation statements, and VAT returns to avoid penalties from HMRC and Companies House.


Reporting rental income as a Ltd company requires careful planning and attention to detail. While there are potential tax benefits, there’s also an increased administrative burden. By understanding the process and working with professionals, you can effectively manage your rental business and maximise your profits.

Free Landlord Resources

Free Instant Valuation

See how much your property could get in rent.

Fee Saving Calculator

See how much you could save on property fees.

Yield calculator

Calculate your rental yield with our simple tool

Compliance checklist

Make sure your buy-to-let property remains legal.

Compliance Guide

Download your complete landlord compliance guide 

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